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History of Punjab: The Tartar, or Slave Dynasty
Kutb-Uddin Ebak On July 24th, 1205, Kuth-Uddin Ebak was crowned as the first Mahomedan king of Lahore. He made considerable progress in knowledge and science, and soon gained the reputation of being a brave soldier, a consummate general, and a prudent administrator. Taj-uddin Yelduz, governor of Kirman and Shirwan, marched to Lahore and took possesion of the city. Kutb-Uddin, on hearing of this, advanced from Delhi to recover Lahore, and defeated Taj-uddin. Kutb-Uddin spent the rest of his life in India, and died in 1210 after a fall from his horse. The celebrated Kutab Minar at Delhi, with a splendid mosque, commenced by Kutb-Uddin and completed by his successor Altmash, still towers today.
Aram Aram, only son of Kutb-Uddin, succeeded him and established his authority in Sindh, Multan, Uch, Shirwan, and other districts of Punjab. Shamsh-Uddin, son-in-law of the late king, defeated Aram in battle and took possession of the throne in the same year, 1210.
Shams-Uddin Altamash Shams-Uddin received a good education at Bokhara. In 1215, he seized the Punjab and occupied Thanesar. In 1217, he reduced Sindh, and at Ujjain, one of the most famous and ancient Hindu cities, he destroyed all the great temples and conveyed the images of Makakali and Vikramaditya. In 1236, he marched an army towards Multan, but fell sick on the road and died in April 1236, after reigning for twenty-six years.
Rukn-Uddin Feroz On May 1st, 1231, Rukn-Uddin Feroz was crowned king of Punjab. He tended to give himself up to licentious excesses and neglected the affairs of the state. A coalition of chiefs formed at Lahore to dispose the king, and Rukn-Uddin was defeated and died in prison on November, 1236, after reigning only six months.
Sultana Razia Begum Sultana Razia Begum possessed valour, determination, and courage in an eminent degree, and was well educated and could read the Kuran with correct pronounciation. Many were discontent with a woman heading the empire, and the first to openly express discontent was Malik Kabir. The queen, however, succeeded and reduced him to submission. However, during the same year, Malik Altunia, governor of Bhatinda, revolted and defeated the queen, put her in prison, where she was assassinated on November 14th, 1239, after reigning for three years.
Moiz-Uddin Behram Shah Moiz-Uddin Behram Shah ascended the throne on April 21st, 1239. The peace of the empire was disturbed by internal discords and dissensions, and the Moghals, headed by Changez Khan, made incursions into the Punjab and seized Lahore on November 22nd, 1241. The Moghals gave up the city to indiscriminate plunder, and thousands were carried away as prisoners. A plot came about that deposed the king and put him to death in 1241, after a reign of two years.
Ala-Uddin Masud Ala-Uddin Masud succeeded the throne during a reign the Punjab was invaded by Moghals. The Moghals advanced as far as the Indus, and the king, heading the troops, marched to meet the enemies. The Moghals retired, and after four years being king, Ala-Uddin was deposed by his uncle Nasir-Uddin and put in confinement in 1246.
Nasir-Uddin Mahmud Nasir-Uddin Mahmud, crowned king in June 1246, possessed all princely qualities and was a good soldier. He rebuilt the forts of bhatner and Sirhind, and maintained a standing army to defend against the Moghals. In July 1247, the king headed his army to Multan and captured thousands of Ghakkars of all ages and both sexes, and put them in prison. The king also was successful in driving Moghals from the country. In 1264, the emperor fell ill and expired in February 18th, 1266, after a reign of about twenty years.
Ghias-Uddin Balban Ghias-Uddin paid his first visit to Lahore in 1266, in which the city had suffered greatly from incursions of the Moghals. His youngest son, Kara Khan, recruited and organized and army to watch the movements of the Moghals on the river Bias. The Moghals attacked, but Kara Khan was successful in driving the Moghals out of Multan. Ghias-Uddin died in 1286, after a reign of twenty-two years.
Moz-Uddin Kekubad On the death of his grandfather, Kekubad, in his eighteenth year, ascended the throne. He gave himself up to licentious habits, and during his reign, the Moghals invaded various districts of the Punjab. The Moghals were again defeated, and many of them were brought as prisoners. The king was assassinated in his palace in 1288, and with it, the slave dynasty of kings, which had reigned from 1205 to 1288, came to an end. On his death, Jalal-Uddin was proclaimed king.