History of Punjab: The Lodi Dynasty
The ancestors of Behlol were a commercial tribe of Afghans who carried on trade between India and Persia. Behlol
governed the empire with a firm hand and re-incorporated the kingdom of Jaunpur with the dominions of Delh.
In 1451, the king made a tour through the Punjab, visited Multan, where he re-organized an army. The king
suffered from chronic disease and died in 1488, after a prosperous reign of thirty-eight years.
On the death of Behlol, his son, Nizam Khan, ascended the throne, under the title of Sidandar Lodi. The
king had high literary attainments, and among the works he compiled is the Farhang Sikandari. He was
intolerant towards the Hindus and destroyed temples and built mosques in place of them. The shaving of
beards and heads by barbers on occassions of Hindu pilgrimages was prohibited during his time. He died
on December 14th, 1617 after a reign of twenty-eight years.
The son of Sikandar Lodi, Ibrahim Lodi, ascended the throne. He caused his brother Jalal Khan to be
imprisoned and put the death. He was known for acts of cruelty and was not liked. Dissatisfied with the
court of Delhi, Doulat Khan Lodi, viceroy of the Punjab, urged Baber, the Moghal prince, a great-grandson
of Tymur, to invade the Punjab. Accordingly, in 1526 Baber invaded Punjab and Ibrahim Lodi, the last of
the dynasty, was slain on the field. The reign of Ibrahim Lodi had lasted twenty years, and the dynasty
of the Lodis lasted from 1450 to 1526.