History of Punjab: Kutbuddin Muhammad Moazzam
Kutbuddin Muhammad Moazzam
In March 1707, Muhammad Moazzam immediately assumed the royal diadem and ascended the throne.
He had an army march to Agra to fight for the throne of Delhi and came out victorious. In 1708,
Bahadur Shah had Moazzam killed and assummed the title of emperor.
About this time the Sikhs, a class of eclectic sectaries, who had sprung up in the Punjab,
overran the provinces of Sirhind, Saharanpur, and part of Mozaffarnagar. This compelled
Bahadur Shah to remove his capital from Delhi to Lahore. Bahadur Shah was generally a
generous, munificent, and good-natured prince. He died in February 19th, 1712.
Muhammad Mozuddin Jahandar Shah
The death of Bahadur Shah was followed by the usual struggle for sovereignt among his
four sons. After civil war with his brothers, and his brothers were killed, M
ozuddin eventually ascended the throne. Jahandar Shah was a weak and idolent prince, effeminate,
licentious, and fond of ease. The king abandoned himself to dissoluteness, and Zulfikar
Khan exercised the paramount power in the State.
In the midst of this scene of disorder and imbecility, Farrukhseer, assisted by the Sayads, was
preparing for war at Patna. A powerful army was sent to oppose his progress, but was
defeated. On December 30th, 1712, in the plains of Agra, Farukhseer defeated the emperor,
and thus ended his reign only after eleven months.