History of Punjab: Mojahiduddin Abul Nasir Ahmad Shah
After the death of his father, Ahmad Shah, under the title Mojahiduddin Abul Nasir
Ahmad Shah Ghazi, claimed emperor on April 8th, 1748. During this period, Mir Mannu
was the governor of Punjab. The Sikhs, in the meantime, again became troublesome, and
had the audacity to create a fort called Ram Rouni in the vicinity of Amritsar. Mir
Mannu stormed the fort with an army which he captured and reduced. He ordered his troops
to shave the heads and beards of the Sikhs. He also had orders to seize the Sikhs and
send them in irons to Lahore. These orders were obeyed and hundreds of Sikhs were brought
daily to Lahore and butchered.
Invasion of Ahmad Shah
At the close of the rains of 1748, Ahmad Shah re-crossed the Indus, at the head of a
considerable army, to gain power in the Punjab. Mannu moved from Lahore to repel the danger,
pitched his camp at Sodhara, near the Chinab, and successfully defended his territory. Terms of peace
were agreed upon in which the revenues of the four districts of Pasrur, Gujrat, Sialkot,
and Aurangabad will be assigned to him.
The praise awarded to Mannu for his success aroused jealousy against him among many
of the imperials. Mir Mannu was deprived of the governorship of Multan. However, Mannu
did not accept this, and fought a decisive battle that held his power in Multan. Moreover,
Mannu denied his liability to pay anything to Ahmad Shah. This propelled the king to
invade Mir Mannu, and after a long battle, Mannu was reduced. However, the king, impressed by the
bravery and courage displayed by Mannu, re-instated him as his viceroy in the Punjab.
King is Deposed
The king now re-crossed the Ravi, and seized Kashmir, and afterwards expelled the
Moghal governor of that province. At Delhi, Ghazuddin, with the aid of the Mahrattas,
instigated a civil war which lasted for about six months, and eventually the emperor
was reduced. Ghazuddin repaired to Delhi and deposed the king by putting out his
eyes. This happened on June 5th, 1754.